Key stage 3 worksheet on distillation and making ribena. If two components have a boiling point difference of less than 4050oc, simple distillation will not be successful at separating them. These are just a few of the chemicals produced from crude oil which needs fractional distillation to separate them. To identify a simple liquid by determining its boiling point. In most cases, the distillation is operated at a continuous steady state. Crude oil fractional distillation teaching resources. Displaying all worksheets related to simple distillation image. A presentation and worksheets for combustion of hydrocarbons and fractional distillation. Set up the distillation apparatus from which fractions can be taken according to observed temperature changes. Distillation is the process of separating two or more liquids based on differences in their boiling points.
Familiar examples include the distillation of crude fermentation broths into alcoholic spirits such as gin and vodka, and the fractionation of crude oil into useful products such as gasoline and heating oil. Describe the trends in properties of hydrocarbons 6 explain how fractional distillation works 7 write balanced symbol equations for the complete combustion of hydrocarbons with a given formula 8 lesson objectives. Students read about how ribena is made and use this context to answer questions on distillation and filtration. Introductionpurpose the purpose of this lab was to purify an unknown mixture of acetonewater by both fractional and simple distillation. Fractional distillation lesson interactive scientific. Simple distillation image worksheets lesson worksheets. New feed is always being added to the distillation column and products are. For example, liquid ethanol can be separated from a mixture of ethanol and water by fractional distillation.
Typical extraction solvents include ethyl acetate, hexane, chloroform, methylene chloride, and diethyl ether. Methods of separating substances worksheets filtration. Fractional distillation is used to separate the compounds in crude oil. Fractional distillation fractionating column is important part of this assembly which is absent in simple distillation 25.
When the mixture is heated, one liquid evaporates before the other. Laboratory 4 fractional distillation concept goals. Role of fractionating column and when such a column is necessary, refraction of light by molecules. A simple worksheet involving labelling a diagrams and answering questions about the process. Fractional distillation worksheet edplace also this is very important as crude oil contains some very useful compounds such as petrol and diesel the products of. I typically use this document with my students after covering the nature of homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures in. Fractional distillation separates a mixture into a number of different parts, called fractions a tall fractionating column is fitted above the mixture, with. Fractional distillation is a method for separating liquids with different boiling points. In this case, fractional distillation must be used. The main equipment is a tall cylinder called a fractionator or fractional distillation column. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. The table shows the gases present in the air and their boiling and melting points. This worksheet is in pdf format and holds a printable version of the quiz fractional distillation. Fractions collected from fractional distillation the key process of separating hydrocarbons using key words quick questio.
Detemine the efficiency of fractional distillation. Some of the worksheets for this concept are crude oil and fractional distillation, simple fractional distillation, chem 355 jasperse distillation, title oil distillation, petroleum, organic laboratory techniques 10, synthesis of cyclohexene the dehydration of cyclohexanol. Fractional distillation printable worksheet purposegames. Distillation is the standard process used for separation of chemical mixtures. Fractional distillation is the most common form of separation technology used in petroleum refineries, petrochemical and chemical plants, natural gas processing and cryogenic air separation plants. Distillation distillation is a commonly used method for purifying liquids and separating mixtures of liquids into their individual components. Obtain a gas chromatogram on a sample and interpret it 3. Worksheets are solving linear equations fractional coefficients, solving linear equations, solving rational equations, equations containing fractions, work 2 3 algebraic fractions, solving rational equations 1, solving equations containing fractions and decimals, solving equations with fractional coefficients. Develop the skill to perform a distillation effectively, use refractive indices to determine the identity of compounds.
To find out the products formed when hydrocarbons burn, the apparatus below is used. Fractional distillation of crude oil download in this worksheet, we will practice describing the use of fractional distillation in separating crude oil and identifying the properties and uses of key fractions. Fractional distillation worksheet interactive scientific. Fractional distillation displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept some of the worksheets for this concept are crude oil and fractional distillation, simple fractional distillation, chem 355 jasperse distillation, title oil distillation, petroleum, organic laboratory techniques 10, synthesis of cyclohexene the dehydration of cyclohexanol. To find out the products formed when hydrocarbons burn, the apparatus. Gcse science revision fractional distillation youtube. This is a handy, little foldable lap book on the topic of fractional distillation. Do not use a packed hempel column for fractional distillation, instead use the apparatus described here. Inside this column there are many trays, or horizontal plates, all located at different heights. Straightforward cut and paste worksheet summarising the fractionating column.
Perform a simple distillation and a fractional distillation 2. Combustion of hydrocarbons and fractional distillation aqa gcse. Fractional distillation solutions, examples, activities. Begin by having students calculate the density of the crude oil by dividing weight by volume. Fractional distillation worksheet what is fractional. In this article, a comparison between fractional and simple distillation has been presented, which will identify the prime differences between the two processes. Fractional distillation of crude oil petroleum duration. Fractional distillation introduction simple distillation can be used to separate components of a mixture that have a large difference in their boiling points.
Describe the trends in properties of hydrocarbons 6 explain how fractional distillation works 7 write balanced symbol equations for the complete combustion of hydrocarbons with a. This task is best used once students have been introduced to the key concepts in distillation. Distillation principles chemical engineering, 200711, rvce. For example, in sea water there is a large difference between the boiling points of the dissolved salts solute solvent and the water solute solvent. The process of distillation involves the evaporation and condensation of a liquid.
Worksheets are the twelve traditions a distillation of experience, explaining change processes using a simple particle model, unit 1 kinetic theory and atomic structure, lab, aqa gcse 9 1 chemistry, practice questions for 5 part i, the electromagnetic spectrum, water wise work. Jul 03, 2012 gcse chemistry worksheet fractional distillation with best price and finish evaluation from a variety item for all item. Open the link to a website demonstrating industrial fractional distillation. Distillation teaching resources the science teacher. Deliberate thought by kevin macleod is licensed under a creative commons attribution licence. Fractional distillation of crude oil download in this worksheet, we will practice describing the use of fractional distillation in separating crude oil and identifying the properties and uses of. The result should be recorded on their fractional distillation of crude petroleum worksheet. Nov, 2017 in this video, we look at how the hydrocarbons in crude oil are separated by fractional distillation. Plastics, petrol, diesel, tar the world would be a very different place without them. Download fractional distillation worksheet pdf nano simbox education.
When the liquids boiling points are very similar, however, separation by normal distillation becomes ineffective or impossible. In this video, we look at how the hydrocarbons in crude oil are separated by fractional distillation. This video will detail the fractional distillation of a mixture of two common organic solvents, cyclohexane and toluene. By working through this interactive quiz you can test your understanding of fractional distillation.
This method works because the liquids in the mixture have different boiling points. In this worksheet, students will explore fractional distillation. Simple and fractional distillation linkedin slideshare. Fractional distillation worksheet answers what is fractional distillation. Pdf distillation process of crude oil researchgate. Fractional distillation is the process used to separate two miscible liquids based upon differences in boiling point. Displaying all worksheets related to fractional equations. The most common methods of distillation are simple distillation and fractional distillation. The laboratory method of distillation is a batch process and involves heating a sample up slowly, and collecting the fractions at the same location, but at different times. This process is a viable method for separation of these two liquids because of the large separation in their boiling points. Gcse chemistry products from oil medium demand questions questionsheet 14 some of the products of the distillation of crude oil are used as fuels. Gcse science chemistry 91 fractional distillation of crude.
By printig out this quiz and taking it with pen and paper creates for a good variation to only playing it online. Download crude oil fractional distillation in pdf format. Describe the trends in properties of hydrocarbons 6. After performing this experiment the student will be able to.
May 14, 2017 fractional distillation worksheet edplace also this is very important as crude oil contains some very useful compounds such as petrol and diesel the products of. The gases can be separated out by using fractional distillation. A 4page worksheet that provides a basic summary of common separation techniques for separating mixtures including sieving, filtration, evaporation, distillation, and chromatography. Each tray collects a different fraction when it cools to its own boiling point and condenses. There is an interactive diagram that could be used as a whole class labelling activity, or to check answers for self assessment. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for fractional distillation. Crude oil also called petroleum is a mixture of different hydrocarbons. Separation of toluene and hexane by distillation and gas.212 278 516 1085 1172 500 292 186 20 39 1152 867 1600 965 508 203 1375 998 657 683 553 29 610 598 322 350 1322 1042 871 726 979 613 746 332 1167 874 1163 775 1155 1317 589 1135